Victor John Mature (January 29, 1913 – August 4, 1999) was an American stage, film, and television actor who starred most notably in several Biblical movies during the 1950s, and was known for his dark good looks and mega-watt smile. His best known film roles include One Million B.C. (1940), My Darling Clementine (1946), Kiss of Death (1947), Samson and Delilah (1949), and The Robe (1953). He also appeared in a large number of musicals opposite such stars as Rita Hayworth and Betty Grable.
Mature was born in Louisville, Kentucky. His father, Marcello Gelindo Maturi, later Marcellus George Mature, was a cutler from Pinzolo, in the Italian part of the former County of Tyrol (now Trentino in Italy, but at that time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His mother, Clara P. (Ackley), was Kentucky-born of Swiss heritage. An older brother, Marcellus Paul Mature, died of osteomyelitis in 1918 at age 11. Victor attended St. Xavier High School in Louisville, Kentucky, the Kentucky Military Institute, and the Spencerian Business School. He briefly sold candy and operated a restaurant before moving to California.
Mature studied and acted at the Pasadena Community Playhouse. For three years, he lived in a tent in the backyard of Mrs Willigan, the mother of a fellow student, Catherine Lewis. He was spotted by an agent for Hal Roach while acting in a production of To Quito and Back. Mature signed a seven-year contract with Roach in September 1939.
Roach cast Mature in a small role in The Housekeeper's Daughter, then gave him his first leading role, as a fur-clad caveman in One Million B.C. (1940). The film was highly publicized and it raised Mature's profile; Hedda Hopper called him "a sort of miniature Johnny Weissmuller". Roach then put him in a swashbuckler set during the War of 1812, Captain Caution (1940).
As Hal Roach only made a handful of movies every year, he loaned out Mature's services to RKO, who used him as a leading man in the Anna Neagle–Herbert Wilcox musical, No, No, Nanette. The studio people were so pleased with his performance, they bought an option to take over half of Mature's contract with Hal Roach, enabling them to draw on his services for two films a year over three years. Wilcox wanted to reunite Mature with Neagle in Sunny. Roach announced Mature would support Victor McLaglen in Broadway Limited but the film was never made.
Lady in the Dark
Mature was worried about the direction of his career at this stage, claiming, "nobody was going to believe I could do anything except grunt and groan." So he went to New York to try the theatre. He signed to appear in a play with the Group Theatre, Retreat to Pleasure by Irwin Shaw. Shortly afterwards it was announced he would appear instead in the musical Lady in the Dark with a book by Moss Hart and songs from Ira Gershwin and Kurt Weill; Mature played Randy Curtis, a film star boyfriend of the show's protagonist, magazine editor Liza Elliott (Gertrude Lawrence). Mature later described his role:
First, this secretary came out saying 'What a beautiful hunk of man!' Then Danny Kaye topped that with a long, long introductory number. Finally, I made my entrance. John Barrymore told me I was the only person who could have followed up all that.
The musical debuted on Broadway in January 1941 and was a smash hit, making a star of Danny Kaye and Macdonald Carey, and causing fresh appreciation for Mature's talents. His performance was well received, Brooks Atkinson of The New York Times calling him "unobjectionably handsome and affable". The description of Randy Curtis in the musical - "Beautiful Hunk of Man" - would be frequently used to describe Mature throughout his career. Mature missed some of the run due to an emergency appendectomy, but ended up playing the role until June.
20th Century Fox
When Mature left Lady in the Dark, he announced that 20th Century Fox had bought out half of Mature's contract with Hal Roach. His first film under the contract was to be Bowery Nightingale with Alice Faye. He was going to follow this with The Shanghai Gesture for Arnold Pressburger and Josef von Sternberg at United Artists.
Bowery Nightingale was not made, so Fox instead assigned Mature to appear in a thriller with Faye, I Wake Up Screaming (which had a working title of Hot Spot); Faye ended up being replaced with Betty Grable. Filming of The Shanghai Gesture was postponed to enable Mature to finish Screaming, which was a popular success.The Shanghai Gesture also proved popular.
Mature was announced for a Fox musical, Highway to Hell, which ended up being postponed; instead, he replaced John Payne in a Betty Grable musical, Song of the Islands (Mature was replaced in turn on Highway by Cesar Romero).
Mature was paid $450 a week under his contract with Roach for Shanghai Gesture, but Roach received $3750 a week for Mature's services. Roach received $22,000 for Mature in Song of the Islands, but Mature was paid $4,000. He asked for a pay increase of $1,250 a week.
RKO wanted Mature for Passage to Bordeaux and Josef Von Sternberg wanted him for Lady Paname. Instead, Mature made another musical for Fox, supporting Rita Hayworth in My Gal Sal (a role originally meant for Don Ameche).
In November 1941, Fox bought out the four years remaining on Mature's contract with Hal Roach for $80,000. (This included loan out provisions to RKO.) Roach had not wanted to sell, but he was in financial difficulties and his backers insisted. Mature would be paid $1,500 a week. He had also had six commitments with RKO. "The studio [Fox] will have to make a success of me," said Mature.
Fox talked of reuniting Hayworth and Mature in a Russian set war film Ski Patrol. Instead Mature was lent to RKO for a musical with Lucille Ball, Seven Days' Leave. This was followed by Footlight Serenade with Grable and Payne. All these films were very popular at the box office.
World War II
In July 1942, Mature attempted to enlist in the U.S. Navy, but was rejected for color blindness. He enlisted in the U.S. Coast Guard after taking a different eye test the same day. He was assigned to the USCGC Storis, which was part of the Greenland Patrol. This meant that when Paramount filmed Lady in the Dark, Mature was unable to reprise his stage role.
After 14 months aboard the Storis, Mature was promoted to the rank of chief boatswain's mate.
In 1944, he did a series of War Bond tours and acted in morale shows. He assisted Coast Guard recruiting efforts by being a featured player in the musical revue Tars and Spars, which opened in Miami, Florida, in April 1944 and toured the United States for the next year. In May 1945, Mature was reassigned to the Coast Guard manned troop transport USS Admiral H. T. Mayo, which was involved in transferring troops to the Pacific Theater. Mature was honorably discharged from the Coast Guard in November 1945 and he resumed his acting career.
Resumption of career
After the war, Mature was cast by John Ford in My Darling Clementine, playing Doc Holliday opposite Henry Fonda's Wyatt Earp. The film was produced by 20th Century Fox, whose head of production Darryl F. Zanuck was delighted that Ford wanted to use Mature, telling the director:
Personally, I think the guy has been one of the most under-rated performers in Hollywood. The public is crazy about him and strangely enough every picture that he has been in has been a big box-office hit. Yet, the Romanoff round table has refused to take him seriously as an actor. A part like Doc Holiday will be sensational for him and I agree with you that the peculiar traits of his personality are ideal for a characterisation such as this.
Zanuck promised Mature he would keep him away from musicals and stuck to that, casting him in the period thriller Moss Rose; Mature received a $50,000 bonus after shooting completed. His next film was the film noir, Kiss of Death, which had been developed specifically as a vehicle for him. The movie, shot mostly on location in New York, was not a particularly large hit, but was popular, earned Mature some of his best reviews and turned Richard Widmark into a star.
Still at Fox, Mature made his second Western, Fury at Furnace Creek, replacing John Payne. That film co-starred Coleen Gray, who had been in Kiss of Death and Fox announced plans to team them for a third time in a remake of Seventh Heaven. However, the film was not made. Instead, he co-starred with Richard Conte in a thriller directed by Robert Siodmak, Cry of the City.
Mature still had an obligation to make a movie at RKO which dated from before the war. He was announced for Battleground and Mr Whiskers before eventually being cast in a serious drama about football, Interference, which became Easy Living, with Lucille Ball.
Samson and Delilah
Mature's career received a massive lift when borrowed by Cecil B. DeMille at Paramount to play the lead in the $3.5 million biblical spectacular Samson and Delilah. De Mille described the role of Samson as "a combination Tarzan, Robin Hood, and Superman." Mature was reluctant to take the role at first out of fear of risking his new postwar reputation as a serious actor, but he changed his mind.
While Samson was in postproduction, Paramount used Mature in another film, co-starring with Betty Hutton in Red, Hot and Blue, his first musical in a number of years. It was not particularly popular, and Easy Living was a flop, but Samson and Delilah earned over $12 million during its original run, making it the most popular movie of the 1940s, and responsible for ushering in a cycle of spectacles set in the Ancient World.
He returned to Fox and was put in a popular musical with Betty Grable, Wabash Avenue.
In late 1949, Mature was meant to fulfill another commitment at RKO, Alias Mike Fury (the new title for Mr Whiskers). Mature refused to make the movie and was put on suspension by Fox. The script was rewritten and Mature ended up making the film, which was retitled Gambling House.
In September 1950, he was making a film in Montana about fire fighters, Wild Winds, for Fox with John Lund. Mature injured himself in a motorcycle accident . After Lund was stung by a wasp and the location was snowed in, it was decided to abandon the film. (It was later filmed with new stars as Red Skies of Montana.)
Mature took a number of months off, before returning to filmmaking with The Las Vegas Story, with Jane Russell at RKO. RKO released - but did not produce - Mature's next film, Androcles and the Lion, an adaptation of the play by George Bernard Shaw with Mature as a Roman centurion. Like Las Vegas Story, it was a box-office failure.
Far more popular was a musical he made at MGM, Million Dollar Mermaid with Esther Williams, a biopic of Annette Kellermann, playing Kellermann's promoter husband. According to William's autobiography, she and Mature had a romantic relationship.
Back at Fox, Mature was meant to be reteamed with Betty Grable in a musical, The Farmer Takes a Wife, but the studio instead reassigned him to a comedy with Patricia Neal, Something for the Birds.
Back at RKO, Mature was meant to star in Split Second, but instead was reteamed with Jean Simmons in the romantic drama Affair with a Stranger. RKO still wanted him for Split Second, but instead Fox put him in a Korean War film, The Glory Brigade.
He followed this with a movie at Universal, The Veils of Bagdad. The release of this was held up until after that of Mature's next film, The Robe.
The Robe had been in development in Hollywood for over a decade. In December 1952, Mature signed to play Demetrius in two movies, The Robe and a sequel, Demetrius and the Gladiator. The films were shot consecutively.
The Robe, the first CinemaScope movie to be released (ahead of How to Marry a Millionaire, which was actually the first film shot in the new process), was an enormous success, one of the most popular movies of all time.Veils of Bagdad was not as popular, but Demetrius and the Gladiator was another hit.
Back at RKO, Mature made Dangerous Mission for producer Irwin Allen. He travelled to Holland in September 1953 to support Clark Gable and Lana Turner in a World War Two film made at MGM, Betrayed, another popular success.
Fox put Mature into another ancient history spectacle, The Egyptian. He was originally meant to co-star with Marlon Brando and Kirk Douglas. Mature renewed his contract with Fox for another year, his 12th at that studio.The Egyptian ended up starring Mature with Edmund Purdom and Michael Wilding, plus Bella Darvi; it was a box-office disappointment.
Mature went over to Universal to play the title role in Chief Crazy Horse, in exchange for a fee and a percentage of the profits.
End of contract with Fox
Fox wanted Mature to support Tyrone Power and Susan Hayward in Untamed (1955), but Mature refused, claiming he had worked for two years and wanted a vacation. The studio replaced him with Richard Egan and put him under what they called a "friendly" suspension.
In 1954, Mature signed a two-picture deal with Columbia Pictures, giving him script and co-star approval, at $200,000 a film. The first movie he made under this contract was The Last Frontier (1955).
United Artists and Warwick Productions
In March 1955, while making Last Frontier, Mature announced he had also signed a contract with United Artists for them to finance and distribute six films over five years for Mature's own company.
In May 1955, Mature signed a two-picture contract with Warwick Productions. Warwick was an English company which had success making films aimed at the international market with American stars; they released their films in the USA through Columbia Pictures. The first of Mature's films for Warwick was to be Zarak. He ended up making Safari beforehand, a tale of the Mau Mau with location filming in Kenya. Both Safari and Zarak were successful.
Sam Goldwyn, Jr, hired him to make The Sharkhunters, released through United Artists and shot on location in Cuba. He was back with Warwick for Interpol, reteaming him with his Zarak co-star, Anita Ekberg, filmed throughout Europe. In London, he made The Long Haul, a truck-driving drama with Diana Dors, the second film under his deal with Columbia.
Mature finally made a movie for his own production company, Romina Productions, in conjunction with United Artists and Batjac Productions: China Doll, directed by Frank Borzage, with whom Mature co-produced. Mature and Borzage announced they would also make The Incorrigibles and Vaults of Heaven.
Mature signed to make two more films with Warwick Productions, No Time to Die and The Man Inside. He ended up only making the first, a World War Two film with Libyan locations; Jack Palance took his role in The Man Inside.
Mature made another movie for Romina and Batjac, a Western, Escort West. It was released by United Artists, whtch also distributed Timbuktu, a French Foreign Legion adventure tale that Mature made for producer Edward Small.
Mature was reunited with producer Irwin Allen for The Big Circus, shot in early 1959. Mature then made his second film for Warwick under his two-picture contract with them, The Bandit of Zhobe. He followed this with an Italian peplum, Hannibal, with Mature in the title role. It was shot in Italy, as was The Tartars with Orson Welles. Mature then retired from acting.
In a 1978 interview, Mature said of his decision to retire from acting at age 46: "It wasn't fun anymore. "I was OK financially so I thought what the hell - I'll become a professional loafer."
After five years of retirement, he was lured back into acting by the opportunity to parody himself in After the Fox (1966), co-written by Neil Simon. Mature played "Tony Powell", an aging American actor who is living off his reputation from his earlier body of work. In a similar vein in 1968, he played a giant, The Big Victor, in Head, a potpourri movie starring The Monkees. The character poked fun at both his screen image and, reportedly, RCA Victor, which distributed Colgems Records, The Monkees's label. Mature enjoyed the script while admitting it made no sense to him, saying "All I know is it makes me laugh."
Mature was famously self-deprecatory about his acting skills. Once, after being rejected for membership in a country club because he was an actor, he cracked, "I'm not an actor — and I've got 64 films to prove it!" He was quoted in 1968 on his acting career: "Actually, I am a golfer. That is my real occupation. I never was an actor. Ask anybody, particularly the critics."
He came out of retirement again in 1971 to star in Every Little Crook and Nanny and again in 1976 along with many other former Hollywood stars in Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood. His last feature film appearance was a cameo as a millionaire in Firepower in 1979, while his final acting role was that of Samson's father Manoah in the TV movie Samson and Delilah in 1984. In a 1971 interview, Mature quipped about his decision to retire:
I was never that crazy about acting. I had a compulsion to earn money, not to act. So, I worked as an actor until I could afford to retire. I wanted to quit while I could still enjoy life... I like to loaf. Everyone told me I would go crazy or die if I quit working. Yeah? Well, what a lovely way to die.
In 1980, he said he was "pretty proud of about 50% of my motion pictures. Demetrius and the Gladiators wasn't bad. The Robe and Samson and Delilah weren't bad. I made 72 of them and I made close to $18 million. So what the hell." He said in the same interview his favourite actors were Al Pacino, Dustin Hoffman, and especially Burt Reynolds.
George Clooney played a caricature of Victor Mature in the 2016 Coen brothers movie Hail Caesar!.
Mature was married five times.
- Frances Charles (1938–1940) annulled
- Martha Stephenson Kemp, the widow of bandleader Hal Kemp (1941–1943)
- Dorothy Stanford Berry (1948–1955)
- Adrienne Urwick (1959–1969)
- Loretta Sebena (1974 until his death) - he had his only child, daughter Victoria, with her. Victoria is now an opera singer as was her mother
Mature died of leukemia in 1999 at his Rancho Santa Fe, California, home, at the age of 86. He was buried in the family plot, marked by a replica of the Angel of Grief, at St. Michael's Cemetery in his hometown of Louisville.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Mature has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6780 Hollywood Boulevard.
David Thomson wrote a critical appraisal of Mature in his book, The New Biographical Dictionary of Film:
Mature is an uninhabited creature of the naive. Simple, crude, and heady - like ketchup or treacle - he is a diet scorned by the knowing, but obsessive if succumbed to in error. It is too easy to dismiss Mature, for he surpasses badness. He is a strong man in a land of hundred pound weaklings, an incredible concoction of beef steak, husky voice, and brilliantine - a barely concealed sexual advertisement for soiled goods. Remarkably, he is as much himself in the cheerfully meretricious and the pretentiously serious. Such a career has no more pattern than a large ham; it slices consistently forever. The more lurid or distasteful the art the better Mature comes across.
|1939||The Housekeeper's Daughter||Lefty||Hal Roach Studios||Film debut|
|1940||One Million B.C.||Tumak||Hal Roach Studios||Alternative title: Cave Man|
|1940||Captain Caution||Dan Marvin||Hal Roach Studios|
|1940||No, No, Nanette||William Trainor||RKO Studios||First screen musical|
|1941||I Wake Up Screaming||Frankie Christopher (Botticelli)||20th Century Fox||Alternative title: Hot Spot|
|1941||Shanghai Gesture, TheThe Shanghai Gesture||Doctor Omar||United Artists|
|1942||My Gal Sal||Paul Dresser||20th Century Fox|
|1942||Seven Days' Leave||Johnny Grey||RKO|
|1942||Song of the Islands||Jeff Harper||20th Century Fox|
|1942||Footlight Serenade||Tommy Lundy||20th Century Fox|
|1943||Show Business at War||Himself||Short subject|
|1946||My Darling Clementine||Doc Holliday||20th Century Fox||First Western; directed by John Ford|
|1947||Moss Rose||Michael Drego||20th Century Fox|
|1947||Kiss of Death||Nick Bianco||20th Century Fox||First film noir|
|1948||Cry of the City||Lt. Candella||20th Century Fox|
|1948||Fury at Furnace Creek||Cash Blackwell/Tex Cameron||20th Century Fox||Western|
|1949||Red, Hot and Blue||Danny James||Paramount|
|1949||Easy Living||Pete Wilson||RKO|
|1949||Samson and Delilah||Samson||Paramount|
|1950||Wabash Avenue||Andy Clark||20th Century Fox|
|1950||Gambling House||Marc Fury||RKO|
|1952||Las Vegas Story, TheThe Las Vegas Story||Lt. Dave Andrews||RKO|
|1952||Something for the Birds||Steve Bennett||20th Century Fox|
|1952||Million Dollar Mermaid||James Sullivan||MGM|
|1952||Androcles and the Lion||Captain||RKO|
|1953||The Glory Brigade||Lt. Sam Pryor|
|1953||Affair with a Stranger||Bill Blakeley||RKO|
|1953||Robe, TheThe Robe||Demetrius||20th Century Fox||First movie in CinemaScope|
|1954||The Veils of Bagdad||Antar||Universal|
|1954||Dangerous Mission||Matt Hallett||RKO||Alternative title: Rangers of the North|
|1954||Demetrius and the Gladiators||Demetrius||20th Century Fox||Sequel to The Robe|
|1954||Egyptian, TheThe Egyptian||Horemheb||20th Century Fox|
|1954||Betrayed||"The Scarf"||MGM||First movie at MGM|
|1955||Chief Crazy Horse||Chief Crazy Horse||Universal|
|1955||The Last Frontier||Jed Cooper|
|1955||Violent Saturday||Shelley Martin||20th Century Fox|
|1956||Zarak||Zarak Khan||Warwick Films||First film for Warwick Films|
|1956||Safari||Ken Duffield||Warwick Films|
|1956||The Sharkfighters||Lt. Commander Ben Staves||United Artists|
|1957||Interpol||Charles Sturgis||Warwick Films||Alternative title: Pickup Alley|
|1957||Long Haul, TheThe Long Haul||Harry Miller|
|1958||China Doll||Captain Cliff Brandon||Made for Romina Productions, Mature's own company|
|1958||No Time to Die||Sgt. David H. Thatcher||Alternative title: Tank Force||Warwick Films|
|1958||Escort West||Ben Lassiter||Made for Romina Productions, Mature's own company|
|1959||Big Circus, TheThe Big Circus||Henry Jasper "Hank" Whirling||Allied Artists|
|1959||Hannibal||Hannibal||Alternative title: Annibale|
|1959||The Bandit of Zhobe||Kasim Khan||Last movie for Warwick Films|
|1966||After the Fox||Tony Powell|
|1968||Head||The Big Victor|
|1972||Every Little Crook and Nanny||Carmine Ganucci||MGM|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||Nick||Paramount||cameo|
|1979||Firepower||Harold Everett||cameo at film's conclusion|
|1977||M*A*S*H||Dr. John "Doc" Holliday||TV series, episode: "Movie Tonight"
|1984||Samson and Delilah||Manoah||Television movie|
- Back to Methuselah by George Bernard Shaw - Pasadena Playhouse, August 1938
- Autumn Crocus - Pasadena Playhouse September–October 1938
- Paradise Plantation - Pasadena Playhouse November 1938
- To Quito and Back by Ben Hecht - Pasadena Playhouse April 1939
- Lady in the Dark - Alvin Theatre, Jan-June 1941
|1946||Lux Radio Theatre||Coney Island|
|1949||Escape||The Fortune Of Vargas|
|1953||Suspense||Joaquin Murietta, California Outlaw|
References in popular culture
In 1985, at the Uptown Lounge in Athens, Georgia, R.E.M. performed under the pseudonym Hornets Attack Victor Mature. “We sent a press release that said it was a combination of Jerry Lee Lewis and Joy Division,” explained Peter Buck. “God knows how we got a date, but we did.” The name was used after Buck spotted it in a ‘Name Your Band’ article in Trouser Press. It told of a Los Angeles band who had taken their name from a newspaper headline describing an incident where furious wasps had ganged up on the actor during a round of golf. The band had since opted for something a little more West Coast, so Buck considered Hornets Attack Victor Mature to be fair game. “I figured anyone who’d pay money to see a band with a name that silly is our kind of person.”
- 1920 U.S. Census, Louisville Ward 4, Jefferson, Kentucky; Roll: T625_578; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 98; Image: 1039
- World War I Draft Registration, Jefferson County, Kentucky; Roll: 1653508; Draft Board: 3
- 1900 U.S. Census, Louisville Ward 4, Jefferson, Kentucky; Roll: T623 529; Page: 10A
- Kentucky Birth, Marriage and Death Records (1852–1910). Microfilm rolls #994027-994058. Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives, Frankfort, Kentucky
- Applegate, Kris (2014). Legendary Locals of Louisville, Kentucky. United States: Arcadia Publishing. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-4671-0138-7.
- Wise, James E., Jr. and Anne Collier Rehill. Stars in Blue. Naval Institute Press, 1997, p. 201. ISBN 1-55750-937-9.
- "Tentin' Tonight, As Usual, Vic Will Be a Star: Rebellious Young Man Quits Business to Starve, but Wins" The Washington Post 4 September 1939: 12
- Hedda Hopper's HOLLYWOOD Los Angeles Times 13 November 1939: 16.
- Town Called Hollywood Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 14 June 1942: C3.
- THIRD CHOICE FIRST: Victor Mature was broke. He stood at the fork of three paths--all dark. The reason you are reading about him is that he chose the third Hough, Donald. Los Angeles Times 2 February 1941: I7.
- NEWS OF THE SCREEN: 'Replenish the Earth,' Novel, Is Purchased by Fox-- 'East of the River' Arrives at the Globe Of Local Origin By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 26 October 1940: 18.
- "Stardom for Mitchell as College Professor: Gwenn Also to 'Teach' Sylvia Sidney Signed Mature May Do 'Sunny Withers Subject Named Butler Plans Race Yarn" Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 20 September 1940: A12.
- "TALES FROM HOLLYWOOD" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL. New York Times 29 June 1941: X3.
- 22 FILMS PLANNED BY UNITED ARTISTS New York Times 14 May 1940: 31.
- "CRITIC AT LARGE: MATURE STILL HAS A HUNK OF A TIME" Champlin, Charles. Los Angeles Times: m1
- "MATURE WILL ACT IN HART MUSICAL: His Contract to Act Opposite Gertrude Lawrence Leads to Dispute With Group 'SUZANNA' TO PLAY SUNDAY Ten Shows Will Begin New Policy Weak Later--Additional Theatre News Engaged for Dennis King Show Maeterlinck Play Opens Dec. 15" New York Times 13 November 1940: 28.
- "Victor Mature Hits Stride" Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times 7 December 1966: D15.
- "THE PLAY IN REVIEW: Gertrude Lawrence Appears in Moss Hart's Musical Drama, 'Lady in the Dark,' With a Score by Kurt Weill and Lyrics by Ira Gershwin" by BROOKS ATKINSON. New York Times 24 January 1941: 14.
- "ALDRICH AND MYERS BUY PLAY BY ACTOR: Allen Nourse's 'John Burgess, Berlin' Is Purchased for Production in Fall BARBARA KENT GETS ROLE Joins Cast of 'The Happiest Days' -- 'Theatre' Undergoing Changes in Personnel" New York Times 28 April 1941: 11.
- "Victor Mature Cast in Leading Roles for Two Films -- 'Tight Shoes' Opening Tonight at Rialto" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL By Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 18 June 1941: 25.
- "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Gene Tierney to Play Role of Poppy in 'Shanghai Gesture' for United Artists THE GET-AWAY' ARRIVES Melodrama Opens Today at Rialto -- Fred MacMurray to Have Lead in New Comedy" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL By Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 16 July 1941: 14.
- "Subjects Once Banned May Become Pictures: 'Gesture' Generates Idea Stewart to Adapt Shaw Mature Going Tropical Berlin Pens Film Tunes Dorsey Singers to Sign" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 16 October 1941: 16.
- Vallance, Tom (1999-08-11). "Obituary: Victor Mature". The Independent. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
- "DISCORD IN HOLLYWOOD: Being a Resume of Why Three Stars Are Unhappy -- Shaking Out the Moth Balls" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL. New York Times 26 October 1941: X5.
- "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Victor Mature to Star in New Film After Adjustment of Salary by Hal Roach R.A.F. PICTURE TO ARRIVE ' Target for Tonight,' Opening at Globe Friday, Shows Air Raids Over Germany" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL By Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 14 October 1941: 29.
- "YANKEE DOODLE DANDY' NEARS THE CAMERAS: Film About George M. Cohan Will Boost The Democratic Way -- A Star Is Sold" by THOMAS BRADY. New York Times 23 November 1941: X5.
- "Victor Mature--Fresh Out of Rancho Santa Fe: Fresh Out of Rancho Santa Fe Fresh Out of Rancho Santa Fe" ALJEAN HARMETZ. Los Angeles Times 12 December 1971: z1.
- "DRAMA: Rita Hayworth, Mature Reunion Much Sought Kaye's Sylvia Scripter Tone's Bride Makes Test Cotten in 'Casablanca' John Beal Faces Camera Carlson in 'White Cargo'" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 18 May 1942: 14.
- "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Rosemary Lane to Return to Films in Feminine Lead in Republic's 'Chatterbox' THREE PICTURES TO OPEN ' Casablanca' Due at Hollywood -- 'White Cargo' at Capitol, 'Ravaged Earth' at Gaiety" By Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 26 November 1942: 41
- Memo from Darryl F. Zanuck to John Ford dated 8 January 1946, Rudy Behlmer, ed. Memo from Darryl F. Zanuck, Grove Press, 1993 p102
- "TO VICTOR BELONG THE SPOILS: TO VICTOR BELONG THE SPOILS" Chicago Daily Tribune 20 April 1947: g13.
- "MATURE WILL STAR IN 'KISS OF DEATH': Fox Buys Story of Convict by Lawrence Blaine for Actor --Hathaway to Direct" Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 12 November 1946: 53.
- "THE NEWS OF THE SCREEN" by THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 30 August 1947: 9.
- "DRAMA AND FILM: March 'Saxon' Lured; 'Seventh Heaven' Astir" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 6 November 1947: A3
- TWO MOVIE LEADS TO VICTOR MATURE: He Will Co-Star With Lamarr in 'Samson and Delilah,' Be Seen in 'Interference' by THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 12 June 1948: 9.
- Koury, Phil (20 June 1948). "HAIRCUT BY DE MILLE: Biblical Strong Man Meets Tough Foe in Director". New York Times. p. X3.
- Brady, Thomas (31 October 1948). "HOLLYWOOD DOSSIER: Biblical Drama With DeMille Flourishes -- Musical Documentary -- Other Items". New York Times. p. X5.
- "Betty Hutton, Victor Mature For New Film" by Frank Daugherty. The Christian Science Monitor 28 January 1949: 5.
- Thomas Pryor, 'STUDIO SUSPENSION FOR VICTOR MATURE: FOX STAR REFUSES TO PLAY ROLE IN RKO FILM, 'MIKE FURY,' ON LOAN-OUT COMMITMENT', New York Times 14 December 1949: 44.
- "MATURE RETURNED TO PAYROLL AT FOX: Actor Had Been Suspended for Refusing Role in RKO Deal --Now Agrees to Part Of Local Origin" by THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 4 January 1950: 31
- "HAWKS, LASKER BUY RIGHTS TO 'BIG SKY': Producing Firm Acquires A. B. Guthrie Novel for Filming in the Late Summer Ross Acquires "Rendezvous" " by THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 13 March 1950: 15.
- "Mature Injured in 'Cycle Crash'" New York Times 6 September 1950: 47
- "Marbles New Gimmick on Film; Pine-Thomas to Put Out 'Big Fire'" Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 8 September 1950: B11
- "Wasp, Snow Help Cancel Picture Work" Los Angeles Times 11 September 1950: 26
- "Cowan Seeking Unique Musical Cast; New Norse Find Due in Hollywood" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 15 December 1950: 31.
- "METRO PURCHASES TWO NEW STORIES: 'Death at Attention,' Recently Published Serial, and 'Oh Promise Me' Acquired" by THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 12 June 1951: 35.
- "Annette Kellerman's All for Esther Now: Original One-Piece Bathing Suit Girl Recalls 'Indecent Exposure' Furor" Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 23 March 1952: D3.
- The Million Dollar Mermaid: An Autobiography, Esther Williams, Simon & Schuster, 1999 pgs. 212-213 ISBN 0-15-601135-2
- "FILM MEN TO FIGHT 2 G. O. P. CANDIDATES: Decrying 'Unfair' Attacks, Anti-Communists Will Oppose Their Congressional Bids" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 26 April 1952: 18.
- "Victor Mature Stars Opposite Simmons; Wald Seeks New Hayward Deal" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 10 July 1952: A11.
- "Victor Mature to Do 'Story of Demetrius'" Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 10 January 1953: 14.
- "RANDOM OBSERVATIONS ON PICTURES AND PEOPLE" By HOWARD THOMPSON. New York Times 20 September 1953: X5.
- "CinemaScope Supporters Confident: Hollywood Letter" by Richard Dyer MacCann. The Christian Science Monitor 24 November 1953: 11.
- "Drama: Victor Mature Likely for Europe; Westerns Claiming Philip Carey" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 18 September 1953: 20.
- "MOVIE PRODUCERS 'LURED' OVERSEAS: Foreign 'Pressures,' Including Subsidies, Basis for Trend, Actors' Spokesman Says" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 27 November 1953: 22.
- "Drama: Gann Book About Hong Kong Likely for Wayne; Gomez to Play Skipper" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 1 January 1954: B7.
- "Mature Renews Pact 12th Time" Los Angeles Times 17 January 1954: E4.
- "SUBSIDIES TO ITALY ON FILMS DECRIED: Talks on New Agreement Are Seeking End to the Practice, Held 'Dangerous' Precedent" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 22 May 1954: 8.
- "M-G-M TO MAKE 27 FILMS IN YEAR: 8 Movies Will Start Within 60 Days -- Three Broadway Plays on Studio Schedule" Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 4 August 1954: 17.
- Hedda Hopper, 'Victor Mature Signs Deal for 2 Films at $200,000 Each' Chicago Daily Tribune 6 November 1954: 16.
- "SPIEGEL ACQUIRES BOOK FILM RIGHTS: Producer Hopes to Get John Ford to Direct 'The Bridge Over the River Kwai'" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 20 November 1954: 10
- "FILM LADIES' DAY: THREE STARS CAST: Elizabeth Taylor, Rosalind Russell and Eleanor Holm Signed for New Movies" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 18 March 1955: 33.
- "TV PACT IS SIGNED BY SCREEN GUILD: Agreement by Du Mont and Union Includes Use of New Video Filming Method" by THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 9 May 1955: 28.
- "I Wasn't Meant To Be A Hero" MATURE, VICTOR. Los Angeles Times 16 December 1956: N10.
- "'SHARKFIGHTERS' IN THE CARIBBEAN: Sam Goldwyn Jr. Films Drama on Location In and Off Cuba The Stars Seafarers The Story" by GRADY JOHNSON. New York Times 1 April 1956: 99.
- "Mature Arranges Pact With Borzage; Curtis Plans Matador Cinema" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 25 September 1957: C13.
- "STUDIO SUSPENDS KIM NOVAK PACT: Columbia Acts After She Refuses Paramount Role-- Debbie Reynolds to Star Nature Has Its Way" Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 31 August 1957: 18.
- "HOLLYWOOD ARENA: 'Big Circus' Troupe Works to Equal Big Top's Authenticity and Color" by THOMAS M. PRYOR HOLLYWOOD.. New York Times 11 January 1959: X7.
- "Whatever Happened to Lady Joan?" Los Angeles Times 27 June 1978: f6.
- Department of Homeland Security, United States Coast Guard History
- Kevin Thomas, 'Victor Mature Hits Stride', Los Angeles Times 7 December 1966: D15.
- Shipman, David. The Great Movie Stars: The International Years. St. Martin's Press, 1972, p. 330
- Scott Vernon, 'Victor Mature's back', Chicago Tribune 21 November 1971: t20.
- "No Lions to Slay at Rancho Santa Fe" Tedrick, Dan. Los Angeles Times 29 May 1980: sd_a6
- "VICTOR MATURE DIVORCED". The Sydney Morning Herald (32,802). New South Wales, Australia. 12 February 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 8 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- 'Victor Mature's Wife Wins Divorce, $500,000: Judge Grants Decree After Hearing Her Testify He Often Flew Into Rages in Public', Los Angeles Times 9 November 1955: A1.
- variety.com http://variety.com/1999/film/news/victor-mature-dies-at-86-1117750205/. Retrieved 22 July 2017. Missing or empty
- 'Victor Mature Takes 4th Wife at Tijuana', Los Angeles Times 13 December 1959: A.
- David Thomson, The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Little Brown 2002 p 576
- "SHAW BECOMES PRANKISH IN SATIRE AT PLAYHOUSE" Los Angeles Times 9 August 1938: 9.
- "COMINGS AND GOINGS LATEST STUDIO AND THEATER GOSSIP THE DRAMA WORLD: NEW PLAY TAKES LOOK BEHIND HOTEL SCENE" von Blon, Katherine T. Los Angeles Times 2 October 1938: C2.
- "'PARADISE PLANTATION' POIGNANT FOOTLIGHT PIECE" KATHERINET VON BLON. Los Angeles Times 26 November 1938: A7.
- "LITTLE THEATERS" Katherine Von Blon. Los Angeles Times 16 April 1939: C4.
- Production details Lady in the Dark at IBDB
- "Lux Star". Harrisburg Telegraph. September 28, 1946. p. 19. Retrieved October 5, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (February 15, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved June 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Melody Maker, 1985
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